Amongst all the cases filed in courts or other legal bodies in India, the commonest ones are civil and criminal cases. Whether it be a district court or High Court or Supreme Court or any other private law firms, civil disputes are heard everywhere. Issues related to property, business dispute or policy conflicts are regarded under civil cases. A civil case sometimes is accompanied by a criminal case; for example, if two parties are fighting over a land and somebody from one side murders a person from the opposite party, then this could be considered as a case that is both civil and criminal.
Criminal cases are divided into several categories, on a broader level, juvenile crime and crime conducted by an adult are known amongst the people at large. A criminal case is solved by considering the seriousness of the crime, situations that gave rise to such a criminal mindset, and elements who forced or hired the culprit to conduct the crime. All cases are dealt with separate approaches and in some cases, the criminals are given chances to start new life. Theft, robbery, pick-pocketing, murder, rape, domestic violence etc. are among the commonly known crimes.
A criminal is not solely responsible for his/her crime but often the entire social set-up drives himself/herself for the same. Some conduct serial crimes due to their psychological problems, some do crimes out of greed, and a lot of reasons are there for different crimes. However, the lawyers who fight in favour of criminals are the ones who know that these people were misguided or did something under pressure.
Coming back to pure civil cases, these are mostly related to the rights of citizens. The disputes solved under civil cases are generally related to the right on a property, monetary value etc. Such cases aim at creating a mutual understanding between the two parties and providing justice.